The settlements formed part of that colony until 1679, sending representatives to the Massachusetts legislature in Boston. The Cheshire County Courthouse, located at 12 Court Street in Keene, New Hampshire, is the center of government of Cheshire County, New Hampshire. google_ad_client = "pub-0597607016984461"; A residential community in Meredith, New Hampshire. Portsmouth was founded one year later. New Hampshire, one of the original 13 colonies, was the first state to have its own state constitution. Vis unita fortior. Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. Its spirit of independence is epitomized in the state motto–“Live Free or Die.” Wealthy New Hampshire citizens lived in two-story homes, but most occupied single-story houses, primarily log cabins. Bounded on east and south by Massachusetts (Maine was part of Massachusetts), to the west by New York, and on the north by Canada, the colony was often caught in disputes between its more powerful neighbors. notes and inset "A general map of the River St. Lawrence above Its charter was enacted on May 14, 1692, during the coregency of William and Mary, the joint monarchs of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This section of the Plymouth Colony Archive presents articles and images of maps, charts and other representations of the landscape of Plymouth Colony and surrounding areas of New England. Geological Survey This Historical New Hampshire Map Collection are from original copies. From 1630 to 1780, the population of New Hampshire grew from 500 to 87,802. [9][10][11] In 1623, the first permanent English settlements, Dover and Rye, were established,[12][13][14] while Portsmouth was the largest city by 1773 with a population of 4,372. Cranfield strongly supported the Mason heirs, making so many local enemies in the process that he was recalled in 1685. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. accurate map of His Majesty's Province of New-Hampshire in 15. By Samuel Langdon." It remained the Upper Province until 1679 when it became a "Royal Province". For a few years Dover was an independent colony named Northam. sc_partition=43; Cheshire County Courthouse is situated 2100 feet northeast of Colony Mill Marketplace Shopping Center. This was one of the four New England Colonies that did not have easy land for agriculture. In 1686 the territory was brought into the Dominion of New England, an attempt to unify all of the New England colonies into a single government. Following the collapse of the unpopular Dominion, on October 7, 1691 New Hampshire was again separated from Massachusetts and organized as an English crown colony. [27] In 1857, the New Hampshire General Court passed a law officially ending slavery. [24] By the American Revolutionary War, only two percent of the New England colonial labor force were bonded or convict laborers and another two percent were black slaves, while nine percent of the colonial black population in New England were free persons of color (as compared with only three percent in the Southern Colonies). New Hampshire Imports - Tools - Books. New Hampshire and New York competed over the territory between the Connecticut and Hudson Rivers, which is now Vermont. In a scheme that was effective at lining his own pockets, he sold land grants in this territory for relatively low prices, but required parts of the grants to be allocated to himself. Homeowners Association for Winnipesaukee Beach Colony Club Old Historical Atlas Maps of New Hampshire. As a result, the lieutenant governors held significant power. These settlers were mostly intending to profit from the local fisheries. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. [17], Puritan mass migration to New England began following the issuance of the royal charter for the Massachusetts Bay Company by Charles I of England in 1629 and continued until the beginning of the English Civil War in 1642. After the American Revolutionary War began in April 1775, the province recruited regiments that served in the Siege of Boston, and was the first former European colony to formally establish an independent government, as the State of New Hampshire, in January 1776. Wentworth laid claim on behalf of the province to lands west of the Connecticut River, east of the Hudson River, and north of Massachusetts, issuing controversial land grants that were disputed by the Province of New York, which also claimed the territory. Please click on a "thumbnail" image below to view a full image, or choose from the listing of topical articles and maps. The children also attend schools and colleges. shows New Hampshire in Colonial Times. After a brief period as a separate province, the territory was absorbed into the Dominion of New England in 1686. [4], Conflicts between holders of grants issued by Mason and Gorges concerning their boundaries eventually led to a need for more active management. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Province_of_New_Hampshire&oldid=992354171, 1629 establishments in the British Empire, 1679 establishments in the British Empire, 1689 establishments in the British Empire, 1641 disestablishments in the British Empire, 1686 disestablishments in the British Empire, 1776 disestablishments in the British Empire, Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas, States and territories established in 1629, States and territories disestablished in 1641, States and territories established in 1679, States and territories disestablished in 1686, States and territories established in 1689, States and territories disestablished in 1776, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, New Hampshire articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, House of Representatives of the Province of New Hampshire, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States. The New Hampshire towns did not suffer as much under the rule of Sir Edmund Andros as did Massachusetts. https://www.mapquest.com/us/new-hampshire/colony-antiques-42507685 Colonial New Hampshire. [1] The seacoast was explored in the early years of the 17th century by English and French explorers, including Samuel de Champlain and John Smith. In 1641 the communities were organized under the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, until Charles II issued a colonial charter for the province and appointed John Cutt as President of New Hampshire in 1679. Wentworth broadly interpreted New Hampshire's territorial claims, believing that territories west of the Connecticut River belonged to New Hampshire. The permanent settlement occurred in what is now the Dover Neck area. [7] Around the same time, others unhappy with the strict Puritan rule in Massachusetts settled in Dover, while Puritans from Massachusetts settled what eventually became Hampton.[8]. Photo: Ymblanter, CC BY-SA 3.0. 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